The origin of the music is unknown, since initially musical instruments were not used to interpret it, but the human voice, or body percussion, which leave no trace on the archaeological record. It can be inferred that music was discovered at a time similar to the appearance of language. The change of musical height in the language produces a song, so it is likely that in the origins it appeared in this way.
In addition, the different emotions when expressing oneself, or a rhythmic expression, constitutes another form of, if not music, musical elements, such as performance or rhythm. That is, music was born by prolonging and elevating the sounds of language. This scientific theory has been held for a long time, philosophers and sociologists such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1 Johann Gottfried Herder or Herbert Spencer were some of its greatest defenders.
The concept of music has many meanings, but the one that comes closest to its meaning is that of the art of combining sounds in a temporal succession. It is one of the arts most valued by society and is the one with the most presence in the development of our daily life.
In the western world, music has its roots in ancient Greece, where music appears as a phenomenon linked to man's need to communicate feelings and experiences. Choral music was the basic element in the education of young Spartans and was a fundamental element within the Greek tragedies.
It was a time when the rhythmic elements predominate over the melodic ones and the human voice had a clear primacy over the instruments. These were few and not too varied; however, wind instruments such as Pan's flute and stringed instruments such as zither or harp were already known.
The art of music is the closest to tears and memories.
The Greeks were also the first to imagine, in the 6th century BC, a relatively concise system of notation, using as characters the characters of an archaic alphabet, straight, inverted or inclined, depending on whether they responded to natural sound, a semitone or the quarter tone elevation.
Greek music was made for lazy people since it did not depart from a simplistic strophic pattern, that is: a stanza that was repeated infinitely on an identical rhythm and melody.
Another fundamental principle of music in classical Greece, and which has been extended to us through Gregorian, was the indivisibility of the early times. These mean that the smallest rhythmic unit in a piece could be multiplied, but not divided.
The sounds were grouped into feet, similar to our measures; strong times were marked by hitting the ground with the shoe (thesis), and weak times were translated by lifting the shoe or the hand (arsis). The grouping of a certain number of feet constituted a unit of phrase, the kolon, which corresponded to an entire verse of the poetic text.
Looking back in time, we see that in Ancient Greece music was already known. The famous philosopher Plato used to affirm that "in the same way that gymnastics serves to strengthen the body, music is the vehicle to enrich the mood ."
However, it was not until the spread of Catholicism that music boomed. With the aim of praising God, sacred music, Gregorian chants and, later, musical notation, that is, the musical alphabet that provided the possibility of writing music using the appropriate symbols that allowed musicians to follow, were created. rhythm and intonation.
In fact, the origin of written music (using the first symbols) dates back to around the 6th century of the Christian era. However, these symbols were very limited and did not allow adequate coverage of all musical extensions and harmonic complexity. For this reason, in the period between 992 and 1050, Guido d'Arezzo created the first defined “diastematic” musical writing system, which consisted of transcribing symbols that represented a script. Thus, for the first time in history, all the heights of the musical notes could be indicated.
Guido called that system 'tetragram' since the musical notes were developed in a network of four parallel lines. This system was the forerunner of the modern staff and musical notes that we use today.